Alopecia Areata is a condition that is seen frequently by our hair loss specialists. Depending on the severity of the condition and the stage it has reached, treatment for Alopecia Areata can be very successful.
What is Alopecia Areata?
Alopecia areata is characterised by sudden patchy loss of hair, which is due to many follicles prematurely and rapidly entering the telogen (resting) phase. The cause of Alopecia Areata is unknown but this type of Alopecia falls into the category of autoimmune disorders. Alopecia Areata is relatively common and can affect as many as one person in a thousand at some time in their life. Occasionally Alopecia areata becomes very widespread and severe and develops into Alopecia Totalis or Alopecia Universalis. Alopecia Areata is considered by some to have an autoimmune mechanism but there may be an external trigger such as a sudden shock or extreme stress.
What are the Initiating Factors for Alopecia Areata?
We do not know what activates and promotes the onset of Alopecia Areata hair loss. There are several suggested factors that may influence the course of Alopecia Areata.
1. Psychological long-term chronic stress
2. Shock and sudden extreme stress
3. Physical trauma
4. Local skin injury
5. Genetic predisposition
6. Viral/bacterial infection
10. Seasonal changes
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